Programmatic Export





File types

GAUSS Dataset (DAT)





Excel (XLS, XLSX)



GAUSS Matrix (FMT)



GAUSS String (FST)


Exporting datasets

The saved() procedure exports matrices and dataframes in the GAUSS workspace to datasets in CSV, DAT, XLS, or XLSX format.

  • Variable names from dataframes will be written to the file. For matrices, variable names can be provided, or default variable names (X1, X2,…XP) will be created.

  • Labels from string and category columns in a dataset will be written as string labels in Excel and CSV files.

  • The file type for the dataset created is determined by the file extension of the dataset.

Example: Load Stata dataset and save to a CSV file

// Create file name with full path
fname = getGAUSSHome() $+ "examples/auto2.dta";

// Load 'rep78' as a categorical variable and 'mpg' as a numeric variable
auto = loadd(fname, "cat(rep78) + mpg");

// Save the data to a CSV dataset
call saved(auto, "auto.csv");

After the above code, there will be a file named auto.csv in your current working directory. The first five rows of the file will look like this:


Full details and more examples can be found in the Command Reference page for saved().

Advanced exporting to Excel spreadsheets

xlsWrite can write a GAUSS matrix, string, or string array to a specified range of an Excel spreadsheet.

Example: Save a matrix to an Excel file

// Create an example matrix
X = { 1 2,
      3 4,
      5 6 };

// Write the contents of 'X' to an Excel file
call xlsWrite(X, "example.xlsx", "B2");

The above code will write the data in the matrix X to the cell range "B2:C4" of the first sheet of an Excel file named example.xlsx in your current working directory.

The xlsWrite() Command Reference page explains how to specify the sheet number and contains more examples.

Advanced exporting to CSV files

Use the csvWriteM() procedure to write a GAUSS matrix to a .csv file.

Example: Save a matrix to an CSV file

// Create an example matrix
X = { 1 2,
      3 4,
      5 6 };

// Write the contents of 'X' to a CSV file
call csvWriteM(X, "example.csv");

The above code will write the data in the matrix X to a CSV file named example.csv in your current working directory.

In addition to the data and filename, csvWriteM() also allows you to specify:

  • The data separator or delimiter.

  • The number of digits of precision to return when exporting.

  • Whether the data should be appended to a current file, or overwrite an existing file.

  • The end of line character.

The Command Reference page for csvWriteM() describes their usage.

Exporting to HDF5 Files

HDF5 files are flexible data files with many options. Multiple datasets can be held inside a single HDF5 file.

Create an HDF5 data file

h5create() will create a new HDF5 file. It requires that you specify:

  1. The file name.

  2. The first dataset to create in the file. (Others may be added later).

  3. The size of the dataset. (Though the dimensions do not need to be fixed).

// Specify 4 columns and a flexible number of rows
dims = __INFP | 4;

// Create an HDF5 file with one dataset named 'data'
call h5create("example.h5", "data", dims);

h5create() also allows you to specify:

  • The data type. The default is double precision floating point.

  • The data chunksize in the file. This can be important for performance of large files.

Write data to an HDF5 data file

h5write() will write data to a dataset inside of an HDF5 file previously created by h5create().

// Example 2x4 matrix
X = { 1 2 3 4,
      5 6 7 8 };

// Write the data in X to the 'data' dataset
// in 'example.h5'
call h5write("example.h5", "data", X);

Write data attributes to an HDF5 data file

An HDF5 Attribute is extra data stored in a dataset. They can be used to describe the data.

Variable names, or headers, can be stored in an HDF5 Attribute.

// Create a 4x1 string array with variable names
vnames = "alpha" $| "beta" $| "gamma" $| "delta";

// Add the variable names as an Attribute to the 'data' dataset in
// the 'example.h5' file
call h5writeAttribute("example.h5", "data", "headers", vnames);


HDF5 files with an Attribute named headers containing the variable names can be loadded with loadd().

Saving matrices, strings, and string arrays

Using the save keyword to save GAUSS matrices (.fmt) and strings/ string arrays (.fst) can be very convenient and is very fast. However, it does not support variable names or non-numeric columns.

By default, save will save the data to your current working directory.

// Example data
X = { 1 2 3 4,
      5 6 7 8 };

// Save the data in 'X' to a file named 'X.fmt'
// in your current working directory
save X;

You change the path that save uses by adding the path option. For example, if you have a folder named data inside your current directory:

// Future calls to 'save' will write
// data to the folder C:\\gauss\\data
save path = C:/gauss/data;

save X;