# Optimization with Nonlinear Ineqaulity Constraints#

This GAUSS optimization example demonstrates the use of COMT to perform optimization with nonlinear inequality constraints. This example is adapted from: Arora, Rajesh, ‘Optimization: Algorithms and Applications’, 2015, CRC-Press

## Key example features#

• The user-defined objective function fct with specifications for computing analytical gradients.

• This examples uses a user-defined function ineqp in combination with the c0.ineqProc member of the comtControl structure to specify the inequality constraints.

There are two nonlinear inequality constraints that are implemented in this example:

$x_1^2 - x_2 + 4 = 0$
$(x_1 - 2)^2 - x_2 + 3 = 0$

where $$x_1, x_2$$ are the parameters to be estimated.

### Specifying inequality constraints#

Because the constraints in this example are nonlinear, the only option for specifying is with a user defined function. A pointer to the function must be provided using the c0.ineqProc member of the comtControl structure.

new;
cls;

library comt;

// Nonlinear objective function
proc fct(x, y, z, ind);
struct modelResults mm;

if ind[1];
// Calculate objective function value
mm.function = (x[1] - y).^2 + (x[2] - z).^2;
endif;

if ind[2];
mm.gradient[1] = 2 .* (x[1] - y);
mm.gradient[2] = 2 .* (x[2] - z);
endif;

retp(mm);
endp;

// Procedure to compute inequality constraints
// Add '...' as input so this procedure will
// ignore extra arguments 'y' and 'z' that
// will be passed by 'comt'
proc ineqp(x, ...);
local constraint_1, constraint_2;

constraint_1 = x[1].^2 - x[2] + 4;
constraint_2 = (x[1] - 2).^2 - x[2] + 3;

retp(constraint_1 | constraint_2);
endp;

// Declare 'c0' to be a comtControl struct
// and fill with default settings
struct comtControl c0;
c0 = comtControlCreate();

// Assign pointer for nonlinear inequality procedure
c0.ineqProc = &ineqp;

// Expand trustRadius for quicker descent

// Starting parameter values
b0 = { 1, 1 };

// Extra data needed by objective procedure
y = 1;
z = 5;

// Declare 'out' to be a comtResults
// struct to hold optimization results
struct comtResults out;

// Minimize objective function
out = comt(&fct, b0, y, z, c0);

// Print optimization results
call comtPrt(out);


The code prints results to the Command Window.

## Results#

The first portion of the results provide details about convergence and performance.

Return code    = 0
Function value = 0.25391
Convergence    : normal convergence


These results indicate that the optimization converged normally, with a return code of 0. Any return Code other than 0 would indicate some issue with the convergence. The exact meaning of the return code can be found in the comt() documentation.

The next section of the results reports the parameter estimates and the associated gradients.

Parameters  Estimates    Gradient
---------------------------------------------------------------------
x[1,1]         0.7500     -0.5000
x[2,1]         4.5625     -0.8750


The final section of the results reports the number of iterations and computation time.

Number of iterations    6
Minutes to convergence  0.00022