Partitions data into k clusters, using the kmeans algorithm.


mdl = kmeansFit(X, clusters[, ctl])
  • X (NxP matrix) – The training data.
  • clusters (Scalar) – The number of clusters, or a matrix containing the initial centroids.
  • ctl

    Optional input, an instance of a kmeansControl structure.

    ctl.initMethod Scalar specifying the algorithm used to create the initial centroids. Options include:
    • 0 - kmeans++ (default).
    • 1 - parallel k-means++
    • 2 - k randomly selected observations.
    ctl.nStarts Scalar, the number of times to run the kmeans algorithm with new starting centroids. Note: this input will be ignored if the clusters input is a starting centroid.
    ctl.seed Seed for the random number generator which creates the initial centroids. Note: this input will be ignored if the clusters input is a starting centroid.
    ctl.tolerance Scalar, the convergence tolerance for the kmeans algorithm.
    ctl.maxIters Scalar, the maximum number of iterations to allow each of the nStarts to run before forcing convergence.

mdl (struct) –

An instance of a kmeansModel structure.

mdl.centroids kxP matrix, containing the centroids with the lowest intra-cluster sum of squares.
mdl.assignments Nx1 matrix, containing the centroid assignment for the corresponding observation of the input matrix.
mdl.clusterSS Scalar, sum of squared differences between each observation and its assigned centroid.
mdl.elapsedIters Scalar, the number of iterations taken by the start with the lowest clusterSS.


library gml;

// Get dataset with full name
fname = getGAUSSHome() $+ "pkgs/gml/examples/iris.csv";

// Load data
X = loadd(fname, ". -species");

// For repeatable sample
rndseed 234234;

// Split data into x_train and x_test
{ x_train, x_test } = splitData(X, 0.70);

// Number of clusters
n_clusters = 3;

// Declare kmeansModel struct
struct kmeansModel mdl;

// Fit kmeans model
mdl = kmeansFit(x_train , n_clusters);

// Print the k centroids
print mdl.centroids;

The above code will print the following:

5.824 2.710 4.350 1.421
5.009 3.406 1.475 0.250
6.887 3.061 5.732 2.061


Parallel Kmeans++ initialization. B. Bahmani, B. Moseley, A. Vattani, R. Kumar, S. Vassilvitskii. Scalable K-means++. Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment, 2012.

See also

kmeansFit(), kmeansControlCreate()