Closes all currently open GAUSS files.
closeall; closeall list_of_handles;
new; cls; // Create 'mydata' vector mydata = seqa(1, 1, 3); // Save 'mydata' vector into 'mydata.dat' file call saved(mydata, "mydata.dat", "x"); /* ** Open two file handles to 'mydata.dat' ** f1 can only be used to read data. ** f2 can be used to read or write data. */ f1 = dataOpen("mydata.dat", "read"); f2 = dataOpen("mydata.dat", "update"); // Read all rows from 'mydata.dat' x = readr(f1, rowsf(f1)); // Modify the data and write it back // to 'mydata.dat' x = sqrt(x); call writer(f2, x); // Close both file handles and set them equal to zero closeall f1,f2; // Check the new data file mydata_new = loadd("mydata.dat"); print "mydata = " mydata; print "x = " x; print "mydata_new = " mydata_new; print "f1 = " f1; print "f2 = " f2;
After running the above code,
mydata = 1.0000000 2.0000000 3.0000000 x = 1.0000000 1.4142136 1.7320508 mydata_new = 1.0000000 1.4142136 1.7320508 f1 = 0.000000 f2 = 0.000000
list_of_handles is a comma-delimited list of file handles.
closeall with no specified list of handles will close all files. The file handles will not be affected. The main advantage of using closeall is ease of use; the file handles do not have to be specified, and one statement will close all files.
It is important to set unused file handles to zero because both open and create check the value that is in a file handle before they proceed with the process of opening a file. During open or create, if the value that is in the file handle matches that of an already open file, the process will be aborted and a File already open error message will be given. This gives you some protection against opening a second file with the same handle as a currently open file. If this happened, you would no longer be able to access the first file.
Files are not automatically closed when a program terminates. This allows users to run a program that opens files, and then access the files from interactive mode after the program has been run. Files are automatically closed when GAUSS exits to the operating system or when a program is terminated with the end statement. stop will terminate a program but not close files.
As a rule it is good practice to make end the last statement in a program, unless further access to the open files is desired from interactive mode. You should close files as soon as you are done writing to them to protect against data loss in the case of abnormal termination of the program due to a power or equipment failure.
The danger in not closing files is that anything written to the files may be lost. The disk directory will not reflect changes in the size of a file until the file is closed and system buffers may not be flushed.