Finds the index of one string within another string. Searches from the end of the string to the beginning.
strrindx(haystack, needle[, start])¶
haystack (string or scalar) – the string, string array or dataframe to be searched.
needle (string or scalar) – the substring to be searched for in haystack.
start (scalar) – the starting point of the search in haystack for an occurrence of needle. haystack will be searched from this point backward for needle. Default is the end of the string
idx (scalar) – contains the index of the last occurrence of needle, within haystack, which is less than or equal to start. If no occurrence is found, it will be 0.
// Create a 3x1 string array state = "alaska" $| "alabama" $| "arkansas"; // Find the first instance of the // letter 'a' starting from // the end of the string strrindx(state, "a");
Since the search starts from the back, the above code will print out:
6.0000000 7.0000000 7.0000000
// Find the first instance of the // letter 'a' starting from the // 5th character of the string strrindx(state, "a", 5);
This time, the search will start from the 5th character and continue searching towards the first character, resulting in:
3.0000000 5.0000000 4.0000000
A negative value for start causes the search to begin at the end of the
string. An example of the use of
strrindx() is extracting a file name from
a complete path specification:
path = "/gauss/src/ols.src"; ps = "/"; pos = strrindx(path, ps, -1); if pos; name = strsect(path, pos+1, strlen(path)-pos); else; name = ""; endif;
The above code makes the following assignments:
pos = 11 name = ols.src