strrindx

Purpose

Finds the index of one string within another string. Searches from the end of the string to the beginning.

Format

idx = strrindx(where, what[, start])
Parameters
  • where (string or scalar) – the string, string array or dataframe to be searched.

  • what (string or scalar) – the substring to be searched for in where.

  • start (scalar) – the starting point of the search in where for an occurrence of what. where will be searched from this point backward for what. Default is the end of the string

Returns

idx (scalar) – contains the index of the last occurrence of what, within where, which is less than or equal to start. If no occurrence is found, it will be 0.

Examples

// Create a 3x1 string array
state = "alaska" $|
        "alabama" $|
        "arkansas";

// Find the first instance of the
// letter 'a' starting from
// the end of the string
strrindx(state, "a");

Since the search starts from the back, the above code will print out:

6.0000000
7.0000000
7.0000000
// Find the first instance of the
// letter 'a' starting from the
// 5th character of the string
strrindx(state, "a", 5);

This time, the search will start from the 5th character and continue searching towards the first character, resulting in:

3.0000000
5.0000000
4.0000000

A negative value for start causes the search to begin at the end of the string. An example of the use of strrindx() is extracting a file name from a complete path specification:

path = "/gauss/src/ols.src";
ps = "/";
pos = strrindx(path, ps, -1);
if pos;
   name = strsect(path, pos+1, strlen(path)-pos);
else;
   name = "";
endif;

The above code makes the following assignments:

pos = 11

name = ols.src

See also

Functions strindx(), strlen(), strsect(), strput()