lapgsvds

Purpose

Compute the generalized singular value decomposition of a pair of real or complex general matrices.

Format

{ C, S, R } = lapgsvds(A, B)
Parameters:
  • A (MxN real or complex matrix) – data
  • B (PxN real or complex matrix) – data
Returns:
  • C (Lx1 vector) – singular values for A.
  • S (Lx1 vector) – singular values for B.
  • R ((K+L)x(K+L)) – upper triangular matrix.

Remarks

  1. The generalized singular value decomposition of A and B is
\[U'AQ = D_1Z\]
\[V'BQ = D_2Z\]

where U, V, and Q are orthogonal matrices (see lapgsvdcst() and lapgsvdst()). Letting K+L = the rank of \(A|B\) then R is a (K+L)x(K+L) upper triangular matrix, \(D_1\) and \(D_2\) are Mx(K+L) and Px(K+L) matrices with entries on the diagonal, \(Z = [0\; R]\), and if \(M-K-L \geq 0\)

                  K L
D1 =         K  [ I 0 ]
             L  [ 0 C ]
     M - K - L  [ 0 0 ]
              K L
D2 =     P  [ 0 S ]
     P - L  [ 0 0 ]
              N-K-L   K    L
[ 0 R ] = K [   0    R11  R12 ]
          L [   0     0   R22 ]

or if \(M-K-L \lt 0\)

            K  M-K  K+L-M
D1 =   K  [ I   0     0  ]
     M-K  [ 0   0     0  ]
                  N-K-L  K   M-K  K+L-M
              K [   0   R11  R12   R13  ]
[ 0 R ] =   M-K [   0    0   R22   R23  ]
          K+L-M [   0    0    0    R33  ]
  1. Form the matrix
X = Q [ I 0   ]
      [ 0 R^-1 ]

then

\[A = U'^{-1}E_1X\]
\[B = V'^{-1}E_2X^{-1}\]

where

E1 = [ 0  D1 ]

E2 = [ 0  D2 ]

(3) The generalized singular value decomposition of A and B implicitly produces the singular value decomposition of \(AB^{-1}\):

\[AB^{-1} = UD_1D_2^{-1}V'\]

This procedure calls the LAPACK routines DGGSVD and ZGGSVD.

See also

Functions lapgsvdcst(), lapgsvdst()